Best Practices: Mejores Prácticas : Mais Melhores Práticas : Meilleures Pratiques

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Effective international research collaborations:

  • Recognize that collaborations are dynamic and occur as processes over extended periods of time, often following a sequence of stages
  • Jointly establish a common vision, purpose, goals, objectives and setting of the research agenda
  • Orient its structure and activities appropriately to the nature of the collaboration, in recognition that collaborations vary by intensity, complexity and commitment
  • Build and maintain relationships of mutual trust among participants in terms of authority, responsibility, transparency, accountability, decision-making and ownership
  • Foster the existence and involvement of one or more “champions,” i.e. individuals with credibility who promote the activity
  • Divide and share responsibilities for decision-making, governance, project management, and research
  • Design flexible structures that produces new knowledge that continually challenges the project to revise their vision, responds to formative evaluation results, negotiates arising issues, and that adapts to new information
  • Monitor, document, and evaluate the research process, its outcomes and the collaboration Account for how the motivations, needs, abilities, interests, skills, and “positionality” of each researcher may influence the nature of the collaboration, including the questions asked and methods used.
  • Understand the varied contexts of researchers as embedded within their particular national disciplinary traditions, histories, and trajectories as well as within their academic environment that has a unique organizational culture, institutional leadership, , requirements, expectations, and system of incentives and rewards.
  • Discover and utilize modes and styles of communication for mutual benefit and developing networks
  • Take advantage of diversity in conceptual and methodological orientations and incorporates issues of social importance to the South to improve the research process and outcomes
  • Lead not only to transfers of existing knowledge among researches, but also facilitate the creation of new knowledge and/or the production of synergistic solutions
  • Increase research capacity and skills for all participants as a reciprocal and sustainable goal
  • Allocate resources and rewards, including but not limited to funding, in an equitable and transparent manner
  • Clarify and manage expectations about research outcomes, including publication of results, dissemination of results, applications of the results, and the sharing of intellectual property
  • Generate and execute plans for sustainability.

Compiled from review of literature, existing best practices (including the Swiss Principles) and AAMIGA study results.

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